Restricting Access and Defining User Roles in an Effort to Improve Website Security for the Insurance Industry

By Tim Cook

Some sources claim that WordPress holds more than 60 percent of the market share, making it the most widespread and popular website content management platform available. Website proprietors (or whoever is responsible for maintaining their Insurance WordPress sites) have the ability and are encouraged to manage user access to activities such as authoring, editing, and the creation of new pages. The establishment of categories, the moderation of comments, the management of plugins and themes, and the management of users can all be delegated to certain roles.

Roles That Are Predefined Within WordPress:

  • Super Admin
  • Administrator
  • Editor
  • Author
  • Contributor
  • Subscriber

Definitions of Each Role

Access to all site-wide administration and functions is granted to users with the Super Admin role. This job should have very restrictive permissions because it is the most powerful and gives the user the ability to make significant changes to the website.
Administrator: A user who, while not as powerful as Super Admin, nonetheless has access to all administrative features inside a single website. Super Admin: A user who has access to all administrative features across all websites.
Editor is a feature that gives users the ability to publish and manage content, including the postings of other users.
Author: Gives the user the ability to publish and manage posts under their own name.
Contributor status grants the author the ability to write and manage their own posts, but prohibits them from publishing any of their own work.
Subscriber access grants the user the ability to read the content and manage their profile, but does not grant write access.

Utilizing the potential of user access helps to assure a WordPress website's high level of security. Let's start by talking about our responsibilities and roles. A group of responsibilities, known as capabilities, can be carried out by a user in accordance with the user role that has been allocated to them. There is a wide range of functionality available, some examples of which include publishing posts, moderating comments, and editing users. Other capabilities can be assigned or removed, allowing for the establishment of bespoke user roles. Default capabilities are already allocated to each role. Other capabilities can be assigned or withdrawn. The overall website security will be improved, and the number of user errors that can lead to security breaches will be reduced, as a result of increased control and the refinement of user roles.

The use of Permission Modes is another method that website owners can employ to strengthen the security of their WordPress websites. For instance, permissions can be used to designate who and what can access, read, write, and modify directories and files. This is essential because WordPress might require permission to write to files located in your wp-content directory in order for the website to operate as intended.

In order to further strengthen the security of your website, you should also look into FTP access. For instance, if you need a third-party contractor to make modifications to your website or develop a plugin, they may demand access to your FTP server. However, you are not need to provide them complete access to the directory that serves as the website's root. You should restrict their access to the particular area they are working on, such as the directory for the theme. Instead of granting FTP access to the logs on your site, you should provide support logs if they are required. In addition to this, ensure that the FTP access and password are both time-sensitive and will expire within a week or two (as short a duration as possible).

If you follow these best practices for WordPress, you will be able to ensure a more secure environment.